Spatial Data Warehouse

The Biodiversity and Environmental Resource Data System of Belize (BERDS) is on hiatus. The more than 120,000 spatially enabled flora and fauna specimen records, still exist but now only as a private database which is still being maintained. Please contact us for details.

Based on popular demand, the Spatial Data Warehouse component has now been resurrected, in the interim. This data warehouse contains a number of baseline ArcGIS shapefiles that are of value to a wide variety of societal, planning, conservation and education initiatives.

These shapefiles are presented here as is. BERDS and its creators do not accept any responsibility for any shortcomings and/or errors in the data. Users need to decide for themselves whether the data is suitable for their purposes. Users are required to reference BERDS in any publications that they may produce.

Citation:

Meerman, J. and Clabaugh, J. 2017. Biodiversity and Environmental Resource Data System of Belize. Online. http://www.biodiversity.bz

All shapefiles are zipped and presented in UTM NAD 1927 Z16N format and come with full ArcGIS v.10 metadata. These metadata are to remain attached to these datasets at all times.

Note that when the Belize National Spatial Data Infrastructure (BNSDI) comes online, many of the datasets presented here will (also) be hosted on that site. See: http://www.caribbeangis.org/2009/08/belize-nsdi.html

Users are encouraged to contact the site owner with any suggestions or corrections at: meerman (at) biological-diversity (dot) info

Belize Basemap

Belize, Boundaries, Districts, Cayes, Islands, Coastline

J.C. Meerman + unknown sources, 2013.

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The base for this product is an old (1992?) ArcInfo file called "districts" (no metadata), which was produced by (the University of Edinburgh?). This map was updated using geo-referenced Landsat tm images (15 m resolution). This was particularly required in the Marine sector. The correct positioning of the Turneffe Atoll, was facilitated by a large number of ground control points collected by Jan Meerman. District boundaries were corrected/fine-tuned as well.
Belize_100m_Polygons_Ter_Mar

Belize Elevation Polygons at 100m intervals

J.C. Meerman, 2004

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Terrestrial data derived from aerial photography and digital elevation models which can be off up to 30 m depending on tree cover.
Belize_Biological_Corridors_2011

2011 rendering of Principal Biological Corridors connecting Belize's protected areas.

J.C. Meerman, 2011

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2011 rendering of Principal Biological Corridors connecting Belize's protected areas based on a study in 2000 (Meerman et al) into the feasibility of Northern Biological Corridor and a consolidation study in 2002. In 2011 a study was conducted to determine a Central Belize Biological Corridor. These three studies are integrated here and corrected with regards to the actual status of land development in the area.

See: http://biological-diversity.info/Downloads/NBBC_Main_report_s.pdf
Belize_Ecosystems_2001

Belize Ecosystems 2001 version

J.C. Meerman & W. Sabido, 2001

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Original Belize Ecosystems Map (Meerman & Sabido, 2001) follows the UNESCO system developed for the Central American Ecosystems Map.

See: http://biological-diversity.info/Ecosystems.htm
Belize_Ecosystems_2004c

Belize Ecosystems 2004 version

J.C. Meerman, 2004

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Map of the Ecosystems of Belize version 2004 is an update from the 2001 Belize Ecosystems Map (Meerman & Sabido, 2001) The data quality of the 2004 version has greatly improved over the 2001 version. The classification still follows the UNESCO system developed for the Central American Ecosystems Map and is thus completely consistent with that product.

See: http://biological-diversity.info/Ecosystems.htm
Belize_Ecosystems_2011

Belize Ecosystems 2011 version

J.C. Meerman, 2012

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Map of the Ecosystems of Belize version 2011 is an update from the 2001 Belize Ecosystems Map (Meerman & Sabido, 2001) and the subsequent 2004 version of the same. has been enhanced using a substantial set of new data. The data quality of the 2011 version has greatly improved over the 2001 and 2004 versions. The classification still follows the UNESCO system developed for the Central American Ecosystems Map and is thus completely consistent with that product.

See: http://biological-diversity.info/Ecosystems.htm
Belize_Ecosystems_2015 Belize_Land_Use_2015

Belize Ecosystems 2015 version

J.C. Meerman, 2015

[Download]
Map of the Ecosystems of Belize version 2015 is an update from the 2001 Belize Ecosystems Map (Meerman & Sabido, 2001) and the subsequent 2004 and 2011 versions of the same. Has been enhanced using a substantial set of new data. The classification still follows the UNESCO system developed for the Central American Ecosystems Map and is thus completely consistent with that product.

See: http://biological-diversity.info/Ecosystems.htm
Belize Fire Risk Map

Belize Fire Risk 2004

J.C. Meerman, 2014

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Basis for the map is the 2004 updated version of the Belize Ecosystems Map (Meerman, 2004). This in its turn was based on January and February 2004 Landsat TM satellite images.

The process took 9 different variables into account. Social, Physical and Ecological. Each of these variables is represented in its own attribute Note that this layer does not incorporate damages caused during the 2010 and 2016 hurricanes.

See: http://biological-diversity.info/fire.htm
Belize_KBA_iucn_pa

Belize Key Biodiversity Areas using IUCN categories. 2007.

J.C. Meerman, 2007

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The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund initiated the study: Establishing a Baseline to Monitor Species and Key Biodiversity Areas in Belize which was to contribute to the identification of globally significant sites for biodiversity in Belize by collecting data on various aspects of species conservation

See: http://biological-diversity.info/KBA.htm
Belize_Land_Degradation_Pot

First assessment of the potential for soil degradation in Belize

J.C.Meerman & E.Cherrington, 2005

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Dataset combines a total of 8 variables to assess the potential for land degradation in Belize. These variables include; Soil pH, Shallow depth, Soil Fertility, Fire Risk, Slope, Geology and Rainfall. Within these, the soil pH and slope weigh heaviest. In general, those areas with a high combined land degradation value should be considered unsuitable for development, particularly agricultural development.

See: http://biological-diversity.info/Land_degradation.htm
Belize_Nationalwaters

Map of Belize's Exclusive Economic Zone (Maritime Areas, Territorial Sea) J.C. Meerman, 2004

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Map of Belize's Exclusive Economic Zone (Maritime Areas, Territorial Sea) Belize Maritime Areas Act 1992

See: http://www.belize-guatemala.gov.bz/library/maritime_areas_act.html
Belize_Protected_Areas_All_2015

Protected Area of Belize inclusive of candidate Private Protected Areas.

J.C. Meerman, 2017

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Digital protected area polygon data were created using the various issues of the Government Gazette Statutory Instruments with added information of private landholdings that opt to qualify as a Private Protected Areas. The latter are included for planning purposes, although as yet un-recognized, these candidate private PA's are typically being managed for biodiversity protection and thus form an extra tool in the management of national biodiversity resources.

This is a work in progress with several inconsistencies (largely as a result of insufficient descriptions and generally lacking topology).

See: http://biological-diversity.info/NPAPSP.htm
Belize_Rivers

Belize River Shapefile

J.C. Meerman, 2015

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This dataset contains vector streamlines for all of the domestic watersheds of Belize. The lines were hand digitized from 1:50,000 Ordinance Survey Maps (UK) maps from Belize that were scanned and geo-rectified. Sandor Rickets (digitizing); Peter Esselman (project rationale)

Each stream segment has attributed indicating stream order, elevation, slope and where available names.

Jan Meerman (stream orders, names, minor corrections) for the Climate Resilience Project under the Global Facility For Disaster Reduction and Recovery" (2015).
Belize_Roads_1909

Historical Map of Roads in Belize as per 1909.

B.W. Miller, 2010

[Download]
Roads digitized from map titled Colony of British Honduras, Waterlow & Sons Limited, London. Annotated Complied from records in the Survey Department 1909: Additions 1921.

Map copy purchased from Belize Archives, Belmopan
Belize_Roads_2013

Belize Combined Road network

Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) 2013

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This dataset contains road feature as polyline for Belize. The RMSI project team received the input data files from the Ministry of Work and Transport in different formats like, the surveyed road data as AutoCAD drawing (.dwg) for different districts (except Toledo), ESRI Shape files (.shp) for the entire country, and excel file (.xls) containing different road attributes. Wherever the survey data from MoWT is not available, 5 m resolution RapidEye imagery has been used to fill the gaps.
Belize_Savanna_Ecosystems 2010

UK DEFRA Darwin-Initiative, a consortium of partners from the UK and Belize: The University of Edinburgh (UoE), The Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (RBGE), The University of Belize (UB), The Belizean Forestry Department (FD), The Belize Botanical Garden (BBG), Programme for Belize (PfB) and Belize Tropical Forest Studies (BTFS).

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The 2010 Savanna Ecosystem Map is designed to provide an assessment of the extent and composition of lowland savanna across Belize. A mosaic of remote sensing imagery acquired from a variety of sensors was used to deliver nationwide coverage.

This layer has meanwhile been integrated in the 2015 Ecosystems Map of Belize (Meerman, 2015)

See: http://eeo.ed.ac.uk/sea-belize
Belize_Settlements_Point_2010_Pop.

Point dataset of Belize Towns, Cities, villages and communities.

J.C. Meerman, 2010

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Point locations are approximate centers of densest infrastructure patterns and do not indicate any legal center of a community.

Principal Source of information is the National Association of Village Councils of Belize (NAVCO) and further strengthened with actual fieldwork recording settlements with the use of a GPS.

Population data are based on the 2010 Population Census and have been provided by the Statistical Institute of Belize (SIB)
Belize_Settlements_Polygon

Polygon dataset of settlements in Belize

J.C. Meerman, 2014

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Polygon dataset of settlements in Belize based on 2014 Landsat 30 m resolution data, RapidEye imagery of 2011 and 2012 and Google Earth Imagery
Belize_Watersheds

Belize Watershed Polygons

E. Cherrington, SERVIR, CATHALAC, J.C. Meerman, 2011

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Watershed layer for Belize originally prepared by Emil Cherrington for SERVIR (CATHALAC) using SRTM data sources. His original dataset was modified for most coastal watersheds based on field surveys and topography interpretation by Jan Meerman. Many boundaries of coastal watersheds were simplified. Errors (many slivers) were removed
Belize_Waterbodies

Lentic ecosystems, lakes, wetlands, lagoons, water bodies of Belize.

Sandor Rickets, Peter Esselman, 2007

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This dataset contains polygon features for all of the domestic waterbodies of Belize. The polygons were hand digitized from 1:50,000 Ordinance Survey Maps (UK) maps from Belize that were scanned and geo-rectified. Sandor Rickets (digitizing); Peter Esselman (project rationale)

This dataset is a companion of the Belize_Rivers shapefile